Carbon footprint: that everyone should know about him

Carbon footprint: that everyone should know about him

When we fly on vacation, we go by car to the store or even watch a movie, fossil fuel is burned.

In this case, carbon and other gases are released, which negatively affect the climate.

All emissions of greenhouse gases that fall into the atmosphere due to human activity are the so-called carbon mark.

How can we reduce it? The guest of release is the founder and general director of Karbonblab Mikhail Yulkin.

The leading podcast is Anastasia Chizhevskaya – consultant in the field of sustainable development and blogger.

Timine conversations 0:57 – What is a carbon trace and what does it make of? 2:33 – How can an ordinary person understand what his personal carbon trace consists of? 3:43 – What most affects the carbon mark? 9:07 – How to correctly compensate for a carbon mark? 15:14 – What does the inscription “carbon neutral production” on the product mean? And do manufacturers always mean the same thing? 19:38 – Do we have to abandon air travel in the future? What is a carbon trace A person affects the climate by the emission of greenhouse gases that accumulate in the atmosphere and enhance the greenhouse effect.

One way or another we allocate greenhouse gases: when we go to work or prepare lunch.

The totality of all the emissions that a person influenced is a “carbon trace”.

Michael: We use light, electricity, warmth – all together it gives an emission into the atmosphere of CO2 and other greenhouse gases, such as methane.

And thus we affect the climate of the Earth.

This impact has recently acquired a catastrophic character: the climate is changing very quickly – as fast as ever in the history of the planet.

And this is not good, because biological species do not have time to adapt: the problem of the disappearance of species, including human, is especially acute.

A carbon trace consists of all human activities.

There are two main sources – energy (first of all, the burning of fossil fuel) and agriculture.

This is due to the peculiarity of digestion in animals and the disappearance of forests cut down under the pastures.

How to calculate a carbon trace Everything that we do in one way or another leaves a carbon mark.

The main task is to pay attention to how much energy you spend.

There are special calculators with which you can calculate a carbon trace.

You answer simple questions about your life, and the algorithm calculates how much fuel you spend directly or indirectly.

For example, on the Carbon Footprint website you can find out how many emissions your household creates.

If you often fly, you can calculate the carbon trace of your flights.

You can also learn about your carbon trace in the Capture and Map My Emissions app.

How to compensate for carbon trace Planting trees, contrary to popular belief, does not always help.

You can plant a birch on the outskirts of the forest, and a week later it will die from a fire or deforestation for agricultural needs.

Michael: For some reason, now there was such an opinion that “if I threw something here, then I need to do something so that someone absorbs it, as if wiped with a cloth.

” The tree, which in the process of its growth absorbs CO2, seems to compensate, neutralizes the emission that was associated with human activity.

But not any planting of trees is a way to remove a carbon trace or neutralize it.

Often this turns into an incomprehensible campaign.

The guaranteed method is sustainable forest use.

If you just planted a tree somewhere and then forgot and abandoned it, then his fate may turn out to be very different.

Planting a tree does not guarantee anything.

I believe that this may not be the best option.

Probably, this is one of the ways to “wipe it with a cloth” – to plant a tree.

But there are a lot of pitfalls.

One of them is forest fires.

Still, the climate is changing, and not only it depends on you.

A changing climate creates such troubles as waves of heat, drought and, accordingly, forest fires.

The planted tree without care with a high probability will simply burn.

Or he will devour the bark beetle, who now lives with pleasure in our northern latitudes.

Therefore, just planting a tree is not the best way to compensate for a carbon trace.

The best way is to find such projects that lead to a decrease in emissions.

This is a more stable solution than planting trees on the sidelines or on the edge of the forest.

Green economy California on fire: why record fires flared up in the USA again Even if you have compensated for your carbon mark, it is not a fact that everyone else did it – especially a large industry or energy.

To compensate for effectively, you can support projects related to renewable energy.

In a sense, this is a more stable solution than just planting trees.

But, of course, the care of the trees should not be written off.

You can donate money to organizations that plant it and monitor them.

For example, Reforestaction volunteers plant trees in specially designated areas.

A similar project “Plant the Forest” works in Russia.

How to reduce carbon trace in everyday life Buy local products.

Transportation of food leaves a carbon mark.

The further the product goes, the more intermediaries stand between the manufacturer and the buyer, the greater the transport trail.

The production of meat products leaves a larger carbon mark than vegetarian.

If you still choose meat products, it is better to prefer local.

At the same time, the transition to a vegetarian diet does not always help: fruits or vegetables brought from afar leave even a larger carbon trace than local meat.

Buy seasonal products.

Strawberries or mangoes in the winter of stores in winter were clearly from other countries in winter.

They were delivered by an airplane, which means they have a large carbon trace.

Eat what is typical for each season and do not chase exotic.

Control the use of the car.

It is not always possible to completely abandon the car and transfer to a public.

But still the use of the car can be made more environmentally friendly.

When choosing a car, it is better to give preference to small, not huge, which spends a lot of fuel.

Try to cooperate with colleagues or neighbors – more environmentally friendly to ride together, and not one by one.

It is better to have one car in the family, not two.

If you live in a large city, you can master car sharing.

Anastasia: If we talk about a personal car, I myself refused it recently.

We sold both cars – both mine and my husband – and now we use car sharing, taxi and public transport.

And we spend, as it turned out, less money.

In many large cities there is already car sharing – this is Peter, Kazan, and Sochi.

Wherever I went lately, everywhere there was such an option.

Therefore, you can really think about the possibility, and may even apply.

Michael: In principle, yes.

According to a rather large number of modern economists, the economy of the future is the Sheroring economy.

It is not so important to own how to have access to resources.

This is what all the time struck traditional economists: how is it? Slaring economy The sherring market in Russia for the first time exceeded 1 trillion rubles.

It turned out that having, owning is what makes people work, earn because you can buy a house, a car, a second car, island, finally.

And now it turns out that this is not so important.

The modern generation chooses the accessibility of the resource rather, the ability to use it independently whether it belongs to you or not and does not persecute to own the desire to own.

In principle, this was foreseen by John Lennon, who spoke about No Possesions.

This is just about it.

Anastasia: Yes, and about the choice of more freedom.

Stay at home if you do not have to go somewhere.

Use transport only if you really need to go – many things can now be done from home.

In addition, you can hire or ask someone who will come to the right place for you.

Michael: The current life, constrained by the circumstances of the Pandemia, showed that it is not necessary to go somewhere.

I understand that there is a need to go somewhere, for example, with an inspection to see an object.

There were times when colleagues from abroad called me and said: “We need to go to the Orenburg region.

We have a project to reduce emissions there.

We are verifiers and we cannot write anything about it until we visit this object and see firsthand.

” Yes, this is a situation that requires a trip.

But it is not necessary, as it turned out, to go from Germany to Russia for this.

You can find qualified people in Russia who will go and will be your hands and eyes: they will look, take a picture, write a report, and all this online.

And, in principle, you can see everything as if he had gone.

This requires a little more confidence and technology, but modernity already allows you to do this.

If you still need to be present somewhere personally, you can approach this issue more consciously-for example, use online technologies or develop partnerships.

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