How to conduct an eco-friendly lifestyle

“Achille did not wear disposable bohot”: how to conduct an eco-friendly lifestyle

The book contains recommendations on how to make your daily life more environmentally friendly.

The authors sequentially disassemble the contents of kitchen cabinets and bathrooms, simultaneously talking about more global things, such as carbon trace or processing in Russia.

Who is author? The book was written by ecologists Olga and Elena Mironenko.

In 2015, during university practice on the Commander Islands, they were so struck by the contrast of majestic nature and its pollution that the sisters decided to act and share environmental knowledge.

Subsequently, they trained in the Innovation Laboratory of Unleash in Singapore and participated in international environmental programs in Hungary and France.

Elena became the laureate of the Ecologist of the Year, and Olga received a prestigious Green Talents Award Ecological Award, entered the Balaton group of professionals in the field of sustainable development and coordinates the Russian branch of International Waste Hub.

What is this book about? Global warming, oceans, growing dumps – all these problems cannot be solved in one day.

In order for improvements, you need to change the lifestyle of mankind, and these are thousands of elections that we make every day.

Unfortunately, obvious solutions are not always correct, and sometimes there is no correct solution at all.

The book understands what environmentally friendly alternatives to the usual things we can start using, and how this can affect the planet.

Carbon trace To assess the harmful influence of a particular product, process or service, the value that can be counted was introduced – a carbon trace.

It is summarized from the emissions that were made during the extraction of raw materials for the product, its production, transportation to the place of consumption, as well as subsequent disposal.

Green economy Carbon mark: that everyone should know about him Greenhouse gases are not only well -known CO2, but also methane, whose ability to retain heat in the atmosphere is 25 times higher than the sensational carbon dioxide does.

Among the sources of methane, it is especially worth noting two – landfills and cattle.

Rotting unsorted organic waste leads to the release of landfill gas, which can consist of 150 various organic compounds, the dominant of which there will be methane.

Huge flocks of cows around the world, or rather intestinal gases produced by them are another largest source of global emissions of methane.

As a result, the chicken cutlet carries 10 times less carbon trace than beef, and fish and seafood will be even less harmful to the planet from the point of view of greenhouse emissions.

However, not always a smaller carbon mark will mean a more environmentally friendly product.

Glass or aluminum? Imagine that you are standing in front of the counter with drinks, and choose whether to take a glass bottle or an aluminum jar.

Which of this will cause less harm to the environment? The primary production of glass is more environmentally friendly than aluminum, but the latter is easier to process.

Boxits are required for aluminum, and glass does not require some rare raw material, just sand and gravel.

But it must be borne in mind that sand is the most consumed resource on the planet after water and air.

There is even a “black market” of this resource with its “sand” mafia.

The material for the artificial archipelago of Dubai was brought from Australia, and the development of Singapore led to the disappearance of 20 Indonesian islands with all over Fauna and Fauna.

In general, the glass will be more environmentally friendly, since its carbon trace will be less.

However, if the bank has already been made of redesigned aluminum, then it will win.

Unfortunately, there is no marking on aluminum packaging, whether it is performed using recyclables, and therefore the whole dispute about the environmental friendliness of this container remains speculative.

Green economy Where in Russia to hand over old clothes, paper, glass, plastic, dangerous waste However, there is a package on which there is almost always a useful marking, even if it does not tell us information about the use of recyclables in its production.

We are talking about plastic.

Not all plastic can be processed You probably noticed a triangle on a plastic package with a number in it.

So different types of plastics are denoted.

The most environmentally friendly choice will be polyethylene (marking 2 and 4) and polypropylene (marking 5), they can survive up to 6 processing cycles.

This means that about 5 times from this package you can make something else until it loses all the attractiveness as material and goes to the landfill.

Also, the processing of PET boots with marking 1 is also common, and in the European part of Russia you can find Tetra Pak collection points.

Green economy What is tetrapak and how to use it correctly The remaining types of plastic, unfortunately, are either not subject to processing at all, or it will be very difficult for you to find a collection of such packaging.

These include non -bouquenelal polyethylenertalate (PET with labeling 1), polyvinyl chloride, PVC (PVC, marking 3), polystyrene (PS, marking 6), as well as plastic with marking 7.

These are a variety of containers for finished food and cookies, boxes from cakes, Bottles from lotions, lids for disposable glasses, bathroom curtains, foamed trays and a film in which various goods are wrapped.

This also includes the package of Doy-Pak, in which mayonnaise, condensed milk and baby mashed potatoes are sold.

In addition to processing problems, not all of these plastics are safe for health.

So, a plastic bottle with a drink left in the sun in the machine can distinguish toxic substances, so it is better for water to have a reusable silicone bottle.

Whose environmental friendliness is more environmentally friendly At the checkout in the supermarket, you will be offered a paper bag made of craft paper or a package of decomposed bioplasty as an alternative to an ordinary mask.

In reality, none of these solutions is more environmentally friendly.

The vast majority of paper packages in Russia are made of wood, not recyclables, which means that trees are cut down for their production.

Bioplastics decomposes into microplastics, which enters the reservoirs, absorbs toxic substances, then it is swallowed by fish and animals, and in the end and people.

The only option that can really be called environmentally friendly is a cotton bag, but only if you use it at least 131 times – in this case, the benefits from it will exceed the harm done by the environment during production.

Green economy Bioplastics is the latest form of greenhouse: research “Greenpeace” Reusable packaging also exists – you can use organza bags to purchase fruits and vegetables, containers for salads and bulk products, as well as your own containers for spreading products.

Down with one -time If with memorizing the types of plastic and the miscalculation of a carbon trace everything is difficult, you can start with the refusal of disposable goods.

They are almost always not processed, and require a giant number of production resources.

The transition to reusable thermal circles, water bottles, shoe covers and shopper bags will already reduce the amount of waste and the carbon trace of your household.

There is a whole category of events that leave behind a lot of waste from disposable dishes – holidays, especially in offices.

Cardboard packaging is actually covered with a film, so it does not fall apart from moisture, but becomes unsuitable for processing.

The authors offer to switch to ordinary dishes in offices, which can be washed and used many times.

Quotes “Contrary to the stereotypes about the“ green ”countries, in Switzerland and Norway, for example, only PET but can be passed from plastic, despite the fact that everything is packed in plastic; In the Netherlands, people themselves do not fully understand what exactly can be taken from plastic, and use the containers at random.

There is no state in the world where everything is perfect, but in our power to create it.

” “How many marine animals are left in the world ocean, which we are used to seeing on store shelves every day? From the beginning of industrial fishing to this day, the ocean has lost about 90% of the populations of prey fish, including Tuna, laundry, Marlin, Big Cophyen, Cod, Sharks.

” “Have you ever paid attention to what your toilet paper is packaged? But packaging is not all the nuances of this subtle case – also pay attention to the composition of the treasured rolls, it will always be indicated on the packaging.

If the paper is made of primary cellulose, get ready to send our favorite Russian forests to the sewer.

” Why read the book? The authors consistently list how to make their own house, trips, holidays, food and raising children more environmentally friendly.

The book is full of specific recommendations, and you will surely find some tips that will be easily applied in practice, for example, switch to large-leaf tea instead of disposable tea bags or buy a bamboo, rather than plastic toothbrush next time.

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