How business in Orenburg has learned to earn money on a separate collection of garbage

How business in Orenburg has learned to earn money on a separate collection of garbage

Today in Orenburg more than 40% of 230 thousand tons of garbage produced annually is sent for processing, and more than half of the city’s residents have access to sites with containers for separate waste collection.

According to the Greenpeace study, local entrepreneurs in the 2000s began to accustom residents to sort waste, and the first containers for different types of garbage appeared on the streets in 2010.

The city reached the level of sorting above 40% in 2014.

“This is a very high indicator – only 30%is sorted even in Moscow,” says Alexei Kiselev, head of the Greenpeace Russia toxic program.

At the same time, the expert emphasizes that in Orenburg they try to extract the maximum volume for processing from mixed and separately collected waste, but “it doesn’t always work out”: not all fractions can be sold and sorted – for example, diapers.

“But I saw a complex (garbage processing) in Orenburg and its employees – they seek to sell everything they can.

” Enthusiast with a container “In 2010, containers stole containers – had to be tied.

And now they are calm in every yard, ”says 49-year-old Vasily Shirin, a business pioneer for separate collection of garbage in Orenburg.

The entrepreneur meets the correspondent of the DEEPLA magazine at his plastic processing enterprise – he is unofficially named by the owner of the IP Shirin.

The building of the plant in the industrial district of Orenburg from the rest of the city is separated by the railway tracks.

Shirin often leaves the car in front of the obstacle and goes to work on foot – it sometimes takes twenty minutes to wait for the green traffic light.

On the territory of an enterprise with an area of 4 thousand square meters.

m rises an artificial Christmas tree made of plastic bottles.

Previously, Shirin collected the structure only on New Year’s Eve, but later decided that it could be the hallmark of the plant and the rest of the time.

An engineer by education, he never worked in profile-with the collapse of the USSR “it was necessary to spin somehow.

” He began his entrepreneurial career in the mid-1990s-supplied food and household chemicals to shops and cafes.

“Then there was one business – trade,” Shirin recalls with a laugh.

To pay attention to other areas, the entrepreneur was prompted by Yuri Meshcheryakov, since the 2000th-the mayor of Orenburg and the chairman of the local council of entrepreneurs (the Council also included Shirin).

“He said:“ Guys, enough to trade, the city needs plants, ”the businessman explains.

Brading also made up growing competition: federal players – X5 Retail Group, Magnit and other companies that supplanted customers width were tightened in the region.

At that moment, he drew attention to huge volumes of plastic dishes used by catering establishments.

The idea came to mind about the potential for processing plastic: “The soul wanted something interesting-not trade.

And as an engineer I always liked to work with iron.

” For experience, the entrepreneur went to other cities where first-hand enterprises already existed, for example, to Brest.

“It seemed to me that all the plastic is the same, but it is different, and each needs its own equipment,” Shirin shares.

He found a private manufacturer in Volgograd and in 2006 bought equipment for the processing of plastic bottles – the crusher for 1.

5 million rubles.

It was not easy to find the money-Shirin cost about ten banks until his business plan finally approved the Mint Bank.

Loan for 600 thousand rubles.

He also allowed the entrepreneur to organize a scheme for buying bottles throughout Russia – the “raw materials” were driving from Ufa, Samara, Krasnoyarsk and other cities.

In Orenburg, Shirin rented a collection point for plastic bottles in a city dump and concluded an agreement with the local Federal Penitentiary Service – the convicts helped with the preparation of plastic for processing.

In parallel, the entrepreneur opened about ten collection points in the city – he paid 10 kopecks for a bottle.

But the point was not popular.

“People prefer to throw a bottle, not pass.

They think the bourgeoisie profit on them, ”Shirin jokes.

The city administration provided the land under the workshop for lease – “as a unique enterprise.

” Shirin later bought the territory.

The idea came to mind about the potential for processing plastic: “The soul wanted something interesting-not trade.

And as an engineer I always liked to work with iron.

” In the first year, he collected and processed about 40 tons of plastic bottles per month.

“A year and a half thought – did I really started it in vain? But it was impossible to quit – too much was invested, ”Schirin recalls.

The entrepreneur admits that there would be no main business – trade, he would not have coped, since the processing did not bring profit, and the costs required considerable – for workers’ salaries, rental transport and utility bills.

In 2010, the mayor Meshcheryakov brought from Israel a photograph of containers for separate garbage collection and suggested that the width install the same in Orenburg.

The businessman ordered a trial mesh tank depicting sunflower at one of the local factories and installed on the main street – Sovetskaya.

However, the residents ignored the container.

Then Shirin began to install the “grids” near the garbage platforms and ask the wipers to follow them.

The population liked such an innovation – containers with a capacity of 40 kg began to be regularly filled.

True, the problem of theft is maintained: in the year, the entrepreneur is not checked by an average of five to six tanks, the production of each of which costs 8 thousand rubles.

“We wrote a statement to the police, but not one found.

They steal for chicken coins or take the cottage, ”the businessman complains.

In total, about 400 “nets” from the width are installed in the city.

The fillings continue to monitor the filling – the entrepreneur pays them at 14.

5 rubles.

For each kilogram of “raw materials” on a subordinate site.

In parallel, it stimulates the inhabitants: “We are acting – we leave leaflets in the porches, where in the picture the child throws a bottle into the container.

We shoot videos – we buy advertising on television.

” The entrepreneur transports secondary raw materials to factories for the production of new bottles, carpet rugs and other products.

Strategic partner Width is Nomatex from the Ulyanovsk region.

The staff of the enterprise is about fifteen people, the majority are convicted of public work.

It is harder to look for volunteers: “The work is dirty, who want to do it little.

” The entrepreneur pays the minimum rate – 11 thousand rubles to employees.

per month.

For this amount, they sort plastic, which then turns into chemical fiber.

Shirin claims that on the equipment he has advanced, all types of plastic, even packaging from household chemicals, can be processed: “Do not throw it into garbage.

” The entrepreneur transports secondary raw materials to factories for the production of new bottles, carpet rugs and other products.

Strategic partner Width is Nomatex from the Ulyanovsk region.

With the development of a network of containers and the establishment of product sales chains, business has become profitable, says the entrepreneur.

He does not disclose the financial indicators of the enterprise, specifying only that the revenue is “more than 10 million rubles.

in year”.

The volume of processing varies depending on the season: in summer and autumn – about 80 tons of plastic per month, in winter – 60 tons.

“Could we process more, but where to get the raw materials?” – Shirin spreads his hands.

Since 2012, he has competed with Ecosnate, a giant of the local “garbage market”.

Having displaced the pioneer “Imagine, somewhere there is nothing at all, but in Orenburg a competition in separate collection of garbage,” says the co-founder of Ecosnetnik, Konstantin Manaev.

The same age as the width, he, unlike the pioneer of local processing, devoted the main part of life “to business in the trash.

Manaev, along with partners, created “Ecosnate” in 2010 to remove waste from residential areas on a training ground.

In 2014, the company united with Vityazh-87-the owner of the training ground.

The united company began to build sorting and processing production near the landfill.

“The whole country, the whole world moved in this direction,” recalls the logic of the project Manaev.

The first attempts of a separate fee came out unsuccessful.

In the early 2010s, Ekosnutnik installed twenty containers with a lid in which the inhabitants had to throw bottles in the microdistrict.

But the containers were opaque – and they continued to fold “everything”.

In 2014, the company copied the “grids” width-only made them round, not square.

Manaev does not hide that Ecosnate followed the competitor.

This did not save him from claims: in 2016, Shirin filed a lawsuit in arbitration.

He demanded to ban the Ecosneter to use the nets for which the entrepreneur had a patent.

The decision was not in his favor – the width was deprived of the patent, and the lawsuit was rejected.

At that time, the sorting complex of Ecosnetnik already worked at full capacity.

The enterprise, as planned, was built next to the landfill beyond the city.

The first thing that any guest of the plant sees is a mountain of garbage a few meters high, near which crows curl and dogs run.

All the waste that was laid down by garbage trucks from Orenburg gets here.

Sorting occurs inside the building.

Like Shirin, Ekkosnetnik uses manual labor – without it, “raw materials will not be clean enough and pay less for it,” Manaev explains.

Workers select those types of garbage that will go for processing – plastic and glass bottles, Tetra Pak packaging, cardboard, paper and other materials, only about twenty fractions.

Ecosnutnik processes more than 40% of waste, and the remaining garbage disperses at the training ground.

Green economy How mercury lamps and other dangerous waste processes Investments in the project amounted to 200 million rubles, says Manaev.

In 2018, more than 200 thousand tons of garbage were processed at the enterprise.

For the transport of bottles, Ecosnutnik bought five Scania garbage trucks, the cost of each – 18 million rubles.

“There are no budget investments,” the entrepreneur emphasizes.

In addition to the nets for bottles, Ekosnutnik installed about twenty tanks for waste paper and five for food waste in the city.

This infrastructure of Manaev shows the DEEPLA correspondent at the site in the MZHK area.

“You see, residents really throw only food waste here,” he demonstrates the contents of one of the containers.

On the site is also a half -filled mesh with bottles.

The width grid costs almost empty for the rest of the tanks.

“Competition,” Manaev shrugs.

Its advantage over Shirin is not only on a business scale: Manaev holds the post of executive director of Nature LLC, a regional garbage reform operator.

According to SPARK, “nature” and “ecosneter” have common shareholders – for example, Olga Reunova.

Companies also use each other’s resources: cars that bring garbage to the training ground, the re -operator got from the Ecosnate, Manaev admits.

To the question of whether the pioneer Shirin will be able to compete for raw materials for processing, he shrugs: “So far there is no understanding of what we will come to.

” Science and waste If the re -operator has seriously shook the position of the pioneer of the “plastic” market, then Nikolai Kokarev “garbage giant” has not yet reached the enthusiast of organic waste processing.

Kokarev Enterprise “Complex Dethoding Systems” (“Complesu”) is located in the village of Nizhnyaya Pavlovka, half an hour drive from Orenburg.

Since 2011, about 700 tons of overdue products have been processed here, which Kokarev received from nine retail outlets – five “intersections”, two “carousels”, “O’Kay” and Metro.

Secondary raw materials “comples” – biogas and biofdom.

The entrepreneur does not disclose the conditions for cooperation with retail chains – on average they pay him “several tens of rubles” for 1 kg of products.

For eight years, Kokarev invested about 14 million rubles into the “compel”, and received about 6 million from the state in the form of grants.

Investments have not yet fought back, Kokarev admits, but business on the path to profitability: about 70% of the revenue, which is 5-6 million rubles, is spent on the maintenance of the company.

in year.

Before the processing of organics, 60-year-old Nikolai Kokarev produced automobile signs, was engaged in printing and built a career in the oil industry-by 2010 he reached the position of deputy general director of the incentive, now Gazpromneft Orenburg.

Then his eldest daughter, “turned on ecology and a vegetarian,” graduated from the university and, having not found a place in business, got a job in the apparatus of one of the local deputies.

“She gained experience, but could not get a job in the company.

And I decided that I had to make the company myself, ”Kokarev recalls.

The daughter at the Complesu took on financial management (now she is on maternity leave).

The company occupies 7 hectares.

In this territory, a “mobile office”, a container platform and a bioreactor fit.

The office is a small room with Kokarev’s cabinet and a room for working workers (there are seven of them at the enterprise).

A portrait of the scientist-scientist Vladimir Vernadsky hangs over the table of the owner of the enterprise.

Near the office are four boxing boxes, where waste is processed and crushed-overdue and defective products from hypermarkets.

Kokarev supplies to stores containers, which, after filling, change to empty ones.

Containers get meat, vegetables, cereals and other assortment.

The company is sorted at the enterprise – dairy products are processed separately from others, since it does not need to be crushed.

Not far from the boxes there is a bioreactor – a metangent, in which methane is released from the transferred liquid waste.

Near the gate, Kokarev organized an experimental gas station: corporate vehicles are refueled by compressed biomethane.

The entrepreneur bought a metang for the Perm Energima, a manufacturer of equipment for the processing of “organics”.

Friendship in the company helped to bring down the price from 3.

5 million to 1.

5 million rubles, and still Kokarev is still calculated for the reactor.

An additional source of income is the sale of fertilizers, which are also obtained as a result of processing organics in a bioreactor.

Farmers and gardeners pay for 1 liter of raw materials 30–40 rubles.

In addition, Kokarev in the Alliance with Energy Right teaches other enthusiasts – the price of consultation reaches 280 thousand rubles.

The entrepreneur dreams of creating an ecotechnopark on the basis of compelce-a scientific and production complex for waste work.

The country, according to the Ministry of Industry and Trade, needs a network of seventy similar projects.

He himself is negotiating the unification of infrastructure capacities with the Orenburg State University and writes articles to scientific publications about biogas stations, alternative energy, etc.

“We are an ideal platform to introduce technology,” concludes the entrepreneur.


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