How did the world solved the “problem of 2000” and can she repeat
Saving memory When computers appeared in the 1960s, their RAM was very expensive and was extremely limited.
Because of this, the programmers decided to record dates after six, not eight digits.
For example, on July 30, 1974, it looked like “073074”, and not “07301974” (the first one costs that such a dating format was adopted in the United States).
This method of recording saved the necessary bats and arranged everyone for several decades.
The offensive of the old century The six-digit format had only one drawback: due to the lack of the first two digits in the recording of the year, computers automatically “believed” that there was only one century: the 20th century.
In this regard, on January 1, 2000, they would be perceived as January 1, 1900.
Since by that time the computerization of many processes had already launched, this mistake would threaten the consequences as light (to work bank cards) and heavy (military and industrial facilities would fail).
Politicians notice the problem For the first time, programmers thought about the problem back in 1971, but they managed to attract universal attention only in the 1990s.
In 1996, Senator Daniel Moynichen wrote a letter to US President Bill Clinton with a warning: “Computers were a blessing.
However, if we urgently do not take measures, they will become a curse of the century.
” American society managed to unite in the work on the problem.
Senators from both parties in the Congress worked closely together, despite the fact that in parallel there were hearings on the impeachment of Bill Clinton.
Representatives of various areas, from financial to medical, attracted programmers to correct computers.
President Clinton launched a special “Council for solving the problem of 2000”, led by John Koskinen.
People panic Thousands of programmers tirelessly rewrote millions of lines of code.
The best ways to solve the problem were freely distributed between business and government representatives.
It took about $ 100 billion, of which $ 8.
5 billion were funds from the budget.
Nevertheless, people continued to worry: 59% of respondents in 1999 were concerned about the problem.
Many were purchased by food, water and weapons in anticipation of the end of the world.
Futurology Scientists called three probable scenarios of the end of the world The disaster is prevented In the last hours of December 31, 1999, John Koskinen, accompanied by journalists, went aboard the aircraft.
With his act, he wanted to show that the problem was solved.
So it happened.
The airplane successfully landed in New York in the new year.
But a number of failures in different countries still occurred: from the checks printed in Greece from 1900 to stopping heating systems in South Korea.
Nevertheless, the global catastrophe was prevented.
Joint decision The problem of 2000 is now mistakenly perceived as a fake, which caused a lot of noise from nothing.
This is not true.
In fact, a global catastrophe was prevented due to hard work.
Of course, now computers have developed so much that it is unlikely that such a primitive mistake should be waiting in 2100.
Nevertheless, the history of the solution to the problem demonstrates that humanity can deal with global disasters.
It is only necessary to discard prejudice and start joint work.
As John Koskinen himself emphasized, “if no one had done anything, I would not have sat on that plane.
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